Zoheiry (2017) Effect of aquatic versus land based exercise programs on physical performance in severely burned patients

Overview of the Study

This study investigates the impact of aquatic and land-based exercise programs on the physical performance of severely burned patients. Conducted by Ibrahim M. Zoheiry, PhD, and colleagues, the research aimed to provide insights into the most effective rehabilitation methods for this patient group, focusing on exercises’ role in enhancing physical capabilities and overall recovery.

Methodology and Participant Demographics

The study enrolled 40 male participants with severe burns covering more than 30% of their total body surface area. These individuals, aged between 20 and 40 years, were randomly divided into two groups: one engaging in aquatic exercises and the other in land-based exercises over a 12-week period. The exercise regimen included flexibility, endurance, and strength training, tailored to address the unique rehabilitation needs of burn victims.

Findings and Comparative Analysis

Results indicated significant improvements in both groups across various physical performance measures, including the 30-second chair stand, 6-minute walk, and VO2 max tests. However, the aquatic exercise group (Group A) showed notably greater enhancements compared to the land-based group (Group B). This difference highlights the potential benefits of aquatic therapy, such as reduced joint stress and increased resistance offered by water, contributing to more effective rehabilitation outcomes for burn patients.

Implications and Future Directions

The study underscores the effectiveness of aquatic therapy in improving physical performance and cardiovascular fitness in severely burned patients, suggesting it as a preferable rehabilitation approach over traditional land-based exercises. Future research should explore long-term outcomes and the psychological impacts of aquatic therapy to provide a more comprehensive understanding of its benefits in burn recovery.

Keywords: Aquatic exercise, land-based exercise, burn patients, physical performance, rehabilitation.

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