Zoheiry (2017) Effect of aquatic versus land based exercise programs on physical performance in severely burned patients

Purpose: To compare the effect of an aquatic-based versus a land-based exercise regimen on the physical
performance of severely burned patients.

Subjects and Methods: Forty patients suffering from severe burn (total
body surface area more than 30%) were recruited from several outpatient clinics in Greater Cairo. Their ages ranged
between 20 to 40 years and were randomly assigned into two equal groups: group (A), which received an aquatic
based exercise program, and group (B), which received a land-based exercise program. The exercise program,
which took place in 12 consecutive weeks, consisted of flexibility, endurance, and lower and upper body training.
Physical performance was assessed using 30 seconds chair stand test, stair climb test, 30 meter fast paced walk test,
time up and go test, 6-minute walk test and a VO2max evaluation.

Results: Significantly increase in the 30 second
chair stand, 6-minute walk, 30 meter fast paced walk, stair climb, and VO2 max tests and significantly decrease
in the time up and go test in group A (aquatic based exercise) compared with group B (a land-based exercise) at
the post treatment.

Conclusion: Twelve-week program of an aquatic program yields improvement in both physical
performance and VO2 max in patients with severe burns.

Key words: Physical performance, Aquatic therapy, Burn injuries

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