Zarghami M (2012). The Effect of Eight Weeks Hydrotherapy Exercises on the Mental Health of Men Staffs of Bid Boland Gas Purge Company of Omidiyeh City

The aim of this research is to consider the Effect of Eight weeks Hydrotherapy Exercises on the Mental Health of Men staffs of Bid boland gas purge company of Omidiyeh city. The method of this research is semi-experimental type that has been done on experimental and control groups. Celburg and healer general health questionnaire GHQ-28 has been used in this study. This questionnaire has four dimensions (Physical Complaint, Anxiety, Disorder in Social adequacy, Depression).Also by using hydrotherapy exercise in the format of aerobic exercise the experimental group was practiced in swimming pool. The statistical society for the study is all the 40-50 years old male employees (n=200) in the Bid boland gas purge company that after calculating the mean of mental health scores (mean= 50.69) and also standard deviation (SD= 13.88) in statistical population, with one and half SD higher than average (50.69 + (1.5×13.88), 40 participants were selected and then these people randomly divided into 2 experimental(n=20) and control(n=20) groups. Analyzing of data was performed by computer and using spss software and statistical method of independent-sample t-test. Considering the study findings showed that hydrotherapy exercise of running in water with intensity of 60% to 70% of Maximum Heart Rate (MHR) has a positive effect on mental health and its dimension. Since level of hormones such as nor epinephrine, serotonin and dopamine is low in body of some one who is suffering than depression and anxiety. It seems that hydrotherapy exercise could increase level of these hormones. (Gaszkow,2004)suggest to person who is suffering than depression ,anxiety that for decrease depression and anxiety and another disorders do hydrotherapy exercise in swimming pool with intensity of optimal aerobic exercise that was suggested by researcher.( Netz,2005). In addition, when exercise is done in water the persons have at least pressure on their joints in compare with do exercise in out of water and also have goog feel.

 

Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 46 ( 2012 ) 5392 5396
1877-0428 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Selection andor peer review under responsibility of Prof. Dr. Hseyin Uzunboylu
doi: 10.1016j.sbspro.2012.06.445
WCES 2012
The effect of eight weeks hydrotherapy exercises on the mental
health of men staffs of bid boland gas purge company of omidiyeh
city
Mehdi Zarghamia *, Emad Haghali b, Masoud Nikbakht c , Rohollah Valizadeh d
aDepartment of physical education, Shooshtar Branch, Islamic Azad University , Shooshtar, Iran bDepartment of physical education, Shooshtar Branch, Islamic Azad University , Shooshtar, Iran cDepartment of physical education, Shooshtar Branch, Islamic Azad University , Shooshtar, Iran d Department of General physical education, Omidiyeh Branch, Islamic Azad University , Omidiyeh, Iran

Abstract
The aim of this research is to consider the Effect of Eight weeks Hydrotherapy Exercises on the Mental Health of Men staffs of
Bid boland gas purge company of Omidiyeh city. The method of this research is semi-experimental type that has been done on
experimental and control groups. Celburg and healer general health questionnaire GHQ-28 has been used in this study. This
questionnaire has four dimensions (Physical Complaint, Anxiety, Disorder in Social adequacy, Depression).Also by using
hydrotherapy exercise in the format of aerobic exercise the experimental group was practiced in swimming pool. The statistica l
society for the study is all the 40-50 years old male employees (n=200) in the Bid boland gas purge company that after
calculating the mean of mental health scores (mean= 50.69) and also standard deviation (SD= 13.88) in statistical population,
with one and half SD higher than average (50.69 + (1.

5393
Mehdi Zarghami et al. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 46 ( 2012 ) 5392 5396
other problems. Depression is among the most common mental problem brings about people to refer psychologists
and other specialists like mental health specialists Depression is comparable, in this light, with cold among physical
problems 15 to 70 percent to adult society individuals may exhibit different signs and conditions of major
depression. At least 12 percent of developed countries populations refer to psychologists to treat major depression
signs over their lives and it's assumed that 05 percent of those hospitalized in psychotherapy institutes are suffering
from depression. Higher percentage of women are with depression for unknown reasons as well as depressed men to
woman rat in the industrialized developed countries is about 2-1-studis conducted in recent years behalf world
health organization specialists in developing countries of Asia and Africa indicator increase in depression
prevalence range among developing nation: The person psyche will be undergone stress followed by depression and
this stress would be led to Various physical reactions in effect when people suffer from stress heart, lungs, end
ocarina glands and neural system function is higher than other parts of body. Possibility of occulting in a kind of
physical disorder would be increased where these signs are continues. Therefore, some strategies should be planned
to treat patient with respect to vulnerability level. Although medicine therapy has been effective in treating these
types of people, most specialists like (meyer, 2000), (Brosnahan and sterphan, 2004), Anderson et al. (2005),
(Debora et al, 2006), (Vaile et al, 2007) suggest sport activity in treating tense types of people water therapy could
be mentioned among sport activities water therapy or mention therapy in water is a combination of pract icing in
water and physiotherapy use of water practices designed in the form of playing to bring uplifting sprite in patients
with mental conditions.

2. Methods

This method of this research is semi-experimental type conducting in field manner and using experimental and
control groups. In this research coldburg and Healer GHQ-28 questionnaire including 28 questions and 4 dimensions
has been used. This questionnaire has four dimensions (Physical Complaint, Anxiety, Disorder in Social adequacy,
Depression).the reliability of this questionnaire was counted for 4 dimensions and its mental health by using
cronbachs alpha and split-half(%88,%84
%92,%86%71,%73%80,%85%92,%92).The statistical society for the
study is all the 40-50 years old male employees (n=200) in the Bid boland gas purge company that after calculating
the mean of mental health scores (mean= 50.69) and also standard deviation (SD= 13.88) in statistical population,
ere selected and then these people
randomly divided into 2 experimental(n=20) and control(n=20) groups. the experimental group did aerobic exercise
of running with intensity of 60% to 70% of Maximum Heart Rate (MHR) for 8 weeks . Analyzing of data was
performed by computer and using spss software and statistical method of independent-sample t-test.

3. Results
1- The results table one and two show the important information of mean and Std. Deviation of statistical population
and also sample groups

Table 1: Descriptive Statistics of statistical population
N Minimum Maximu m Mea n Std. Deviation Physical complaint 200 7.00 22.00 12.3400 5.52149
Anxiety 200 7.00 24.00 13.1900 6.09258
Disorder in social adequacy 200 8.00 20.00 16.0750 2.92784
Depression 200 7.00 17.00 9.2900 2.73924
Mental health 200 34.00 75.00 50.8950 13.84857

5394 Mehdi Zarghami et al. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 46 ( 2012 ) 5392 5396
Table 1: Descriptive Statistics of statistical samples

Stage Variables grou ps N Mea n Std. Deviation Std. Error Mea n
Pre-test
Physical complaint
experimental group 20 21.4000 .50262 .11239
control group 20 21.3500 .48936 .10942
Anxiety experimental group 20 23.2000 1.00525 .22478
control group 20 23.3000 .97872 .21885
Disorder in social adequacy
experimental group 20 18.3500 1.08942 .24360
control group 20 18.0000 .00000 .00000
Depression experimental group 20 10.0500 .39403 .08811
control group 20 10.2000 .61559 .13765
Mental health
experimental group 20 73.0000 1.21395 .27145
control group 20 72.8500 .87509 .19568
Post test
shekayat2 experimental group 20 17.1500 1.63111 .36473
control group 20 21.2000 1.39925 .31288
azterab2 experimental group 20 18.1000 3.04181 .68017
control group 20 23.6000 .50262 .11239
karkard2
experimental group 20 13.7500 2.17340 .48599
control group 20 18.3500 .67082 .15000
afsord2 experimental group 20 7.4500 .68633 .15347
control group 20 10.0000 1.12390 .25131
salamat2
experimental group 20 54.2500 5.59958 1.25210
control group 20 73.1500 2.05900 .46041

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Mehdi Zarghami et al. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 46 ( 2012 ) 5392 5396
Table 3: Independent Samples Test

Levene's Test for Equality of Variances t-test for Equality of Means
F Sig. t df Sig. (2 -tailed)
Mea n Difference Std. Error Difference 95% Confidence Interval of the Difference Lower Upper Lower Upper Lower Upper Lower Upper Lower
Pre- Physical complaint
Equal variances assumed .395 .534 .319 38 .752 .05000 .15686 -.26755 .36755
Equal variances not assumed .319 37.973 .752 .05000 .15686 -.26756 .36756
Pre- Anxiety
Equal variances assumed .395 .534 -.319 38 .752 -.10000 .31372 -.73510 .53510
Equal variances not assumed -.319 37.973 .752 -.10000 .31372 -.73511 .53511
Pre- Disorder in social adequacy
Equal variances assumed 10.322 .003 1.437 38 .159 .35000 .24360 -.14315 .84315
Equal variances not assumed 1.437 19.000 .167 .35000 .24360 -.15987 .85987
Pre- Depression
Equal variances assumed 1.606 .213 -.918 38 .365 -.15000 .16343 -.48085 .18085
Equal variances not assumed -.918 32.331 .366 -.15000 .16343 -.48277 .18277
Pre- Mental health
Equal variances assumed .163 .688 .448 38 .657 .15000 .33462 -.52741 .82741
Equal variances not assumed .448 34.548 .657 .15000 .33462 -.52964 .82964
Pos- Physica l complaint
Equal variances assumed .859 .360 -8.428 38 .000 -4.05000 .48054 -5.02281 -3.07719
Equal variances not assumed -8.428 37.140 .000 -4.05000 .48054 -5.02355 -3.07645
Pos- Anxiety
Equal variances assumed 31.325 .000 -7.978 38 .000 -5.50000 .68939 -6.89560 -4.10440
Equal variances not assumed -7.978 20.037 .000 -5.50000 .68939 -6.93788 -4.06212
Pos- Disorder in social adequacy
Equal variances assumed 34.126 .000 -9.044 38 .000 -4.60000 .50861 -5.62963 -3.57037
Equal variances not assumed -9.044 22.587 .000 -4.60000 .50861 -5.65320 -3.54680
Pos- Depression
Equal variances assumed 3.807 .058 -8.660 38 .000 -2.55000 .29447 -3.14612 -1.95388
Equal variances not assumed -8.660 31.441 .000 -2.55000 .29447 -3.15023 -1.94977
Pos- Mental health
Equal variances assumed 16.302 .000 -14.167 38 .000 -18.90000 1.33407 -21.60068 -16.19932
Equal variances not assumed
-14.167 24.046 .000 -18.90000 1.33407 -21.65310 -16.14690

5396 Mehdi Zarghami et al. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 46 ( 2012 ) 5392 5396
2- Comparison between experimental and control group show that there is no significant difference between two
group in the stage of pretest but there is significant difference between two groups on variables of study. The result
table 3 shows it completely.

4. Discussion and Conclusion
The purpose of this study the effect of eight weeks of hydrotherapy on the rate of mental health staff of Bid boland
gas purge company of Omidiyeh city. Results of this study shows, the group that did hydrotherapy at least one
suffering from mental disorders have been better. The study also can be concluded that continuing to do
hydrotherapy can reduce to some mental disorders. in total the Findings of this study show that hydrotherapy
exercises has positive effect on most of mental health factors. The results of this research are harmony with research
results of (Anderson,2005), (Debora & et al 2006), (Vaile and c & et al 2007), (Gaszkow, 2004), (Evan, 2004),
(Martinsen, 2000. On the other hand the results of this study indicate that hydrotherapy exercise is not related to any
disorder in social adequacy. This results is harmony with the research results of ( Dong, 2008), (Resende, 2007),
(Khenchtle, 2004), (is in parallel.
Acknowledgment

Special thank than all my friends that helped us about do this research

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