Hejazi (2012) The Impact of Selected Aerobic Aquatic Exercises on the Depression and Happiness Levels of Patients with Multiple Sclerosis (M.S)

Introduction to Multiple Sclerosis and Emotional Well-being Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a prevalent neurological disorder that can significantly impact an individual’s emotional state, leading to conditions like depression and a decrease in happiness levels. The unpredictable nature of MS, combined with its chronic progression and the absence of a definitive cure, contributes to psychological distress among patients. This study focuses on evaluating the effect of aquatic exercise programs on the depression and happiness levels of individuals with MS, aiming to offer a non-pharmacological approach to enhance their quality of life.

Methodology of the Study The research adopted a quasi-experimental design involving 40 MS patients who were randomly assigned to either an experimental or control group. The experimental group underwent an 8-week aquatic exercise regimen, with sessions held three times a week. The intensity of the exercises was maintained at 50-60% of the maximum heart rate. Participants’ levels of depression and happiness were assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory and the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire, both before and after the exercise program.

Findings: Enhanced Happiness and Reduced Depression The results revealed a significant improvement in the happiness and depression levels of the experimental group post-exercise program. Specifically, there was a notable decrease in depression scores (p < 0.001) and an increase in happiness scores (p < 0.002), indicating that aquatic exercises can positively influence the emotional well-being of MS patients.

Conclusion: Aquatic Exercises as a Beneficial Intervention The study concludes that regular aquatic exercises can serve as an effective non-pharmacological intervention to mitigate depression and enhance happiness among MS patients. The supportive nature of water, combined with the physical activity, likely provides psychological relief and improves overall mood. It is recommended that healthcare professionals consider incorporating aquatic exercises into the treatment plans of MS patients to improve their emotional health alongside traditional medical therapies.

Keywords: Multiple Sclerosis, Aquatic exercises, Depression, Happiness, Non-pharmacological therapy, Emotional well-being.

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