Colado (2012) Effects of Aquatic and Dry Land Resistance Training Devices on Body Composition and Physical Capacity in Postmenopausal Women


Introduction: Exploring Aquatic and Dry Land Training

The study published in the Journal of Human Kinetics investigates the effects of aquatic and dry land resistance training on body composition and physical capacity in postmenopausal women. Conducted by researchers from various esteemed institutions, including the University of Valencia and Wichita State University, this research provides valuable insights into the benefits of different training modalities.

Study Design and Methodology

The research employed a randomized, controlled, multi-group experimental design to assess the impact of resistance exercises using weight machines, elastic bands, and aquatic devices that increase drag force (ADIDF). Participants were divided into control, weight machine, elastic band, and ADIDF groups, with pre- and post-intervention assessments conducted to evaluate changes in body composition and physical capacity.

Findings: Aquatic vs. Dry Land Training

The study revealed that aquatic resistance training using ADIDF is as effective as dry land training with weight machines and elastic bands in enhancing body composition and physical capacity among postmenopausal women. Improvements were noted in fat mass reduction, fat-free mass increase, and enhanced performance in physical capacity tests such as knee push-ups, squats, and crunches.

Implications for Postmenopausal Women’s Fitness

These findings suggest that aquatic resistance training could be a viable alternative to traditional dry land training for postmenopausal women, offering similar benefits in terms of fitness and body composition. The study highlights the potential of aquatic exercises to serve as an effective, enjoyable, and less impact-intensive training option for this demographic.

Conclusion: Diversifying Training Approaches

The research underscores the importance of diversifying training approaches to cater to individual preferences and constraints, potentially increasing adherence to exercise programs among postmenopausal women. By providing options such as aquatic resistance training, fitness professionals can tailor programs that maximize health benefits while accommodating the unique needs of this population group.

Keywords: Aquatic activities, resistance training, postmenopausal women, body composition, physical capacity.

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